An island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, located just north of the equator, west of Central Africa. It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands: São Tomé and Príncipe (of volcanic origin), located about 140 kilometres (87 miles) apart and about 250 and 225 kilometres (155 and 140 miles), respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon. With a population of 199,910 (2016 census), São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest African country after Seychelles, as well as the smallest Portuguese-speaking country. Main export good: cocoa. Capital: São Tomé.
Currency: Dobra (STD).