Six of the states using the Eastern Caribbean dollar (XCD, EC$) are independent states: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The other two are British overseas territories: Anguilla and Montserrat. These states are all members of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union. Queen Elizabeth II appears on the banknotes and also on the obverse of the coins. She is the head of state of all the states and territories using the EC$, except for Dominica. The last 1-dollar notes were issued in 1989. The country code which formed part of the serial number on previous issues of notes is not part of the upgraded features on the notes issued on 2008.