Country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western part of the island and the Dominican Republic the eastern part. On 1 January 1804 Haiti became the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the only nation in the world established as a result of a successful slave revolt. A long history of oppression by dictators – including François Duvalier and his son Jean-Claude Duvalier – has marked the nation. Capital: Port-au-Prince. Currency: Haitian gourde (G) (HTG).